Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) was established by the Act of Parliament No. 7 of 1986 as the successor to the Tanzania National Scientific Research Council (UTAFITI) as a parastatal organization with the responsibility of coordinating and promoting research and technology development activities in the country. It is the chief advisor to the Government on all matters pertaining to science and technology and their application to the socio-economic development of the country, and is under the ministry responsible for science and technology. It is also entrusted with the responsibility of coordinating and promoting science and technology development activities in the country. Since 1988, COSTECH has been the principal advisory organ to the government on all matters relating to scientific research, innovation, technology development and transfer, and recommends its implementation.
The principal roles and responsibilities of the Commission interalia are as provided by the Act which includes: